Mary Shelley Quote – Ideas Frankenstein

“I busied myself to think of a story … One which would speak to the mysterious fears of our nature and awaken thrilling horror”-Mary Shelley.   To what extent do you believe that Mary Shelley achieved this original goal?

I think that Mary Shelley achieved this original goal but not in the way she intended.I think she did speak to a mysterious fears of us because she made us feel uncomfortable with an idea that is brought up a lot in tv and movies these days, the Idea of immortality.She showed us the side that we will end up regretting maybe gave a glimpse into the reprocutions of messing with the balance of nature through science maybe installing some fear.Our nature is the idea of something being bigger than us and then there is human nature which is everything like morals, beliefs and stuff that makes us up, we have this belief as humans that we are superior to everything.The creature in frankenstien is a superior human channeling into our fears as a human of the supernatural and death.

Frankenstien exam prep

The power of knowledge

Ideas in the text

The power of knowledge – relates to real world through gene alteration , cloning , growing people 

  • Knowledge can be addictive 
  • Those who are seen to be educated often hold positions of power 
  • creation of the creature
  • creature learn bout the world -realises his place in it – uses his power
  • Weltons desire to discover the un discovered 

The danger of prejudice -relates to real world through any social descrimination

  • judgement before knowing someone or something 
  • eventually people believe/ live up to what people think of them 
  • creature – more and more people react negatively to him he begins to act how they see him
  • comes back to the saying don’t judge a book by its cover

Frankenstien Quotes

I doubt these quotes will be useful. But I need something to start with.

Allusion: “Remember that I am thy creature; I ought to be thy Adam, but I am rather the fallen angel.” 

Allusion: “But it was all a dream; no Evesoothed my sorrows nor shared my thoughts; I was alone. I remembered Adam‘s supplication to his creator. But where was mine?”

Foreshadowing – general: “You may conceive my astonishment on hearing such a question addressed to me from a man on the brink of destruction.”

Foreshadowing – general: “Thus ended a day memorable to me; it decided my future destiny.

Foreshadowing – dreams: “I slept, indeed but I was disturbed by the wildest dreams. I thought I saw Elizabeth, in the bloom of health,walking in the streets of Ingolstadt. Delighted and surprised, I embraced her, but as I imprinted the first kiss on her lips, they became livid with the hue of death... and I thought that I held the corpse of my dead mother.”

Foreshadowing – dreams: “But sleep did not afford me of respite from thought and misery… I felt the fiend’s grasp in my neck and could not free myself from it.”

Foreshadowing – storms: “we witnessed a most violent and terrible thunderstorm. It advanced from behind the mountains of Jura, and the thunder burst at once with frightful loudness from various quarters of the heavens. I remained, while the storm lasted, watching its progress with curiosity and delight. As I stood at the door, on a sudden I beheld a stream of fire issue from an old and beautiful oak which stood about twenty yards from our house; and so soon as the dazzling light vanished, the oak had disappeared, and nothing remained but a blasted stump.”

Foreshadowing – storms: “The storm appeared to approach rapidly, and, on landing, I ascended a low hill, that I might observe its progress. It advanced; the heavens were clouded, and I soon felt the rain coming slowly in large drops, but its violence quickly increased. “

Foreshadowing – storms: “…the lake reflected the scene of the busy heavens, rendered still busier by the restless waves that were beginning to rise. Suddenly a heavy storm of rain descended.”

Simile: “I wandered like an evil spirit, for I had committed deeds of mischief  beyond description horrible, and more and more (I persuaded myself) was yet behind.”

Simile: “Yet the idea that the field should live and triumphant my rage and vengeance returned, and like a mighty tide, overwhelmed every other feeling.”

Simile: “he will be like a celestial spirit that has a halo around him, within whose circle no grief or folly ventures.”

Smilie: “The saintly soul of Elizabeth shone like a shrine-dedicated lamp in our peaceful home.”

Simile: “I walked about the isle like a reckless spectre, separated from all it loved and miserable in the separation.”

Simile: “I was seated in a chair, my eyes half open and my cheeks livid like those in death.I was overcome by gloom and misery and often reflected I had better seek death than desire to remain in a world which to me is replete with wretchedness.”

Simile: “I do not doubt that he hovers near the spot in which I inhibit, and if he has indeed taken refuge in the Alps, he may be hunted like the chamois and destroyed like a beast of prey.”

Setting – Alps: “the majestic and wondrous scenes which surrounded our Swiss home—the sublime shapes of the mountains, the changes of the seasons, tempest and calm, the silence of winter, and the life and turbulence of our Alpine summers.

Setting – Alps: “The road ran by the side of the lake, which became narrower as I approached my native town. I discovered more distinctly the black sides of Jura, and the bright summit of Mont Blanc. I wept like a child. “Dear mountains! my own beautiful lake! how do you welcome your wanderer? Your summits are clear; the sky and lake are blue and placid. Is this to prognosticate peace, or to mock at my unhappiness?”

Setting – Alps: “The weight upon my spirit was sens- ibly lightened as I plunged yet deeper in the ravine of Arve. The immense mountainsand precipices that overhung me on every side, the sound of the river raging among the rocks, and the dashing of the waterfalls around spoke of a power mighty as Omnipotence”

Setting – Alps: “The Alps here come closer to the lake, and we approached the amphitheatre of mountains which forms its eastern boundary. The spire of Evian shone un- der the woods that surrounded it and the range of mountain above mountain by which it was overhung.”

Setting – Geneva: “We possessed a house in Geneva, and a campagne on Belrive, the eastern shore of the lake, at the distance of rather more than a league from the city.”                  

Setting – Geneva: “I contemplated the lake: the waters were placid; all around was calm; and the snowy mountains, `the palaces of nature,’ were not changed. By degrees the calm and heavenly scene restored me, and I continued my journey towards Geneva.”

“The world was to me a secret which I desired to divine. Curiosity, earnest research to learn the hidden laws of nature, gladness akin to rapture, as they were unfolded to me, are among the earliest sensations I can remember.”    

“At length the high white steeple of the town met my eyes.”

“yer with how many things are we upon the brink of becoming acquainted, if cowardice or carelessness did not restrain our inquiries.”  

                            “But my enthusiasm was checked by my anxiety, and I appeared rather like one doomed by slavery to toil in mines or any other unwholesome trade than an artist occupied by his favourite employment.”

“It was very different when the mas- ters of the science sought immortality and power; such views, although futile, were grand; but now the scene was changed. The ambition of the inquirer seemed to limit itself to the anni- hilation of those visions on which my interest in science was chiefly founded. I was required to exchange chimeras of bound- less grandeur for realities of little worth.”

“I collected the instruments of life around me, that I might infuse a spark of being into the lifeless thing that lay at my feet.”

“How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavoured to form?”

“A serene sky and verdant fields filled me with ecstasy. The present season was indeed divine; the flowers of spring bloomed in the hedges, while those of summer were already in bud.”

“Nothing is more painful to the human mind than, after the feel- ings have been worked up by a quick succession of events, the dead calmness of inaction and certainty which follows and de- prives the soul both of hope and fear.”

“Yet my heart overflowed with kindness and the love of virtue. I had begun life with benevolent inten- tions and thirsted for the moment when I should put them in practice and make myself useful to my fellow beings.”

“The abrupt sides of vast mountains were before me; the icy wall of the glacier overhung me; a few shattered pines were scattered around; and the sol- emn silence of this glorious presence-chamber of imperial nature was broken only by the brawling waves or the fall of some vast fragment, the thunder sound of the avalanche or the cracking, reverberated along the mountains, of the accumu- lated ice.”

“A mist covered both that and the surrounding mountains. Presently a breeze dissipated the cloud, and I descended upon the glacier.”

“The desert mountains and dreary glaciers are my refuge.”

“The light became more and more op- pressive to me, and the heat wearying me as I walked, I sought a place where I could receive shade. This was the forest near Ingolstadt;”

“This was indeed a godlike sci- ence, and I ardently desired to become acquainted with it.”

“Was man, indeed, at once so powerful, so virtuous and magnificent, yet so vicious and base? He appeared at one time a mere scion of the evil principle and at another as all that can be conceived of noble and godlike.”

“Was I, then, a monster, a blot upon the earth, from which all men fled and whom all men disowned?”

“I cannot describe to you the agony that these reflections in- flicted upon me; I tried to dispel them, but sorrow only in- creased with knowledge.”

“I sickened as I read. `Hateful day when I received life!’ I exclaimed in agony. `Accursed creator! Why did you form a monster so hideous that even YOU turned from me in disgust?”

“Their happiness was not decreased by the absence of summer. They loved and sympathized with one another; and their joys, depending on each other, were not interrupted by the casualties that took place around them. The more I saw of them, the greater became my desire to claim their protection and kindness; my heart yearned to be known and loved by these amiable creatures;”

“Why did I live? Why, in that instant, did I not extinguish the spark of existence which you had so wantonly bestowed? I know not; despair had not yet taken pos- session of me; my feelings were those of rage and revenge. I could with pleasure have destroyed the cottage and its inhabit- ants and have glutted myself with their shrieks and misery.”

“All, save I, were at rest or in en- joyment; I, like the arch-fiend, bore a hell within me, and find- ing myself unsympathized with, wished to tear up the trees, spread havoc and destruction around me, and then to have sat down and enjoyed the ruin.”

“There was none among the myriads of men that existed who would pity or as- sist me; and should I feel kindness towards my enemies? No; from that moment I declared everlasting war against the spe- cies, and more than all, against him who had formed me and sent me forth to this insupportable misery.”

“if I cannot inspire love, I will cause fear.”

“She longed to bid me hasten my return; a thousand conflicting emotions rendered her mute as she bade me a tear- ful, silent farewell.”

“where the snowy mountains descend almost perpendicularly to the water, casting black and impenetrable shades, which would cause a gloomy and mournful appearance were it not for the most verdant islands that believe the eye by their gay appearance; I have seen this lake agitated by a tem- pest, when the wind tore up whirlwinds of water and gave you an idea of what the water-spout must be on the great ocean; and the waves dash with fury the base of the mountain”

“It was, indeed, a filthy process in which I was engaged. During my first experiment, a kind of enthusiastic frenzy had blinded me to the horror of my employment; my mind was in- tently fixed on the consummation of my labour, and my eyes were shut in the horror of my proceedings. But now I went to it in cold blood, and my heart often sickened at the work of my hands.”

“I called myself the murderer of William, of Justine, and of Clerval.”

“I felt the fingers of the monster already grasping my neck, and screamed aloud with agony and terror.”

“Death snatches away many blooming children, the only hopes of their doting parents; how many brides and youthful lovers have been one day in the bloom of health and hope, and the next a prey for worms and the decay of the tomb!” 

“I felt a wish for happiness and thought with melancholy delight of my beloved cousin or longed, with a de- vouring maladie du pays, to see once more the blue lake and rapid Rhone, that had been so dear to me in early childhood; but my general state of feeling was a torpor in which a prison was as welcome a residence as the divinest scene in nature.”

“The past appeared to me in the light of a frightful dream;”

“I was anxious and watchful, while my right hand grasped a pistol which was hidden in my bosom; every sound terrified me, but I resolved that I would sell my life dearly and not shrink from the conflict until my own life or that of my ad- versary was extinguished.”

“I swear; and by thee, O Night, and the spirits that preside over thee, to pursue the daemon who caused this misery, until he or I shall perish in mortal conflict.”

“What a glorious creature must he have been in the days of his prosperity, when he is thus noble and godlike in ruin! He seems to feel his own worth and the greatness of his fall.”

“I am surrounded by mountains of ice which admit of no escape and threaten every moment.”

“We are still surrounded by mountains of ice, still in imminent danger of being crushed in their conflict.”

2.4 Film Essay

“Visions are worth fighting for. Why spend your life making someone else’s dreams?”Tim Burton is someone who creates movies that no one else would think to do and continues to do so regardless of criticism .Tim Burton has his own very distinct style of film where he uses techniques to create unsettling and very distinct films.He uses elements of the gothic genre to do this.The film Sweeney Todd the demon barber from Fleet Street directed by Tim Burton is a film set in London and is about Benjamin Barker who has returned from his time in prison in Australia where he was wrongfully sent returns to his home London to discover he no long has his family and changes his name to Sweeney Todd. This sets him on a revenge vendetta where he slaughters people and puts them inside pies.Sweeny Todd has won 10 awards including Golden Globe for best motion picture and best villain.Sleepy Hollow is set in 1799 in a small village called sleepy hollow where Ichabod Crane is sent to figure out the murders that have been occurring frequently there.In both films Burton uses the same techniques to show elements to connect his work to gothic .The use of music, colour  and lighting are techniques used in both films.

Tim Burton is an american film director, artist , producer and animator.He is the eigth highest grossing director by world box office, he is known for his gothic, dark, eccentric style horror and fantasy films.He has been nominated for 2 oscars and has won multiple awards for his pieces of work.Because of Burtons style of work he includes many gothic elements into his films through film techniques.

A technique used by Burton in the film is the use of music.The tone of the music Burton uses quiet commonly does not match what is happening in the film and gives the watcher a slight feeling of discomfort and also helps to foreshadow. An example of this is the juxtaposition used during the first flashback when Todd , then referred to as Benjamin Barker was strolling through the markets with his wife and new born child.During this scene Todd is singing in the past tense telling us that this is not how it is anymore even though he is singing about his past and how good it was, foreshadowing to us that things are just going to get worse through the film.Another example of the music being used as a technique was when Judge Turpin comes in for his shave from Todd because he heard he was the best barber in London.Todd and Judge Turpin have a past because he was the now who sent Todd to prison in Australia and stole his family resulting in Todd’s daughter being trapped with him and the wife supposedly committing suicide.The juxtaposition of Judge Turnips character singing makes us feel uncomfortable because he is singing about positive happy things and we know that Todd wants to kill him.The contrast of the music and Todd having his blades so close to Judge Turnips neck makes us feel on edge because this is Todd ultimate goal however he is singing with the judge.In Sleepy Hollow Burton also uses this technique in sleepy hollow when the headless horseman is about to make his attacks on the people he has been commanded to kill , the music is very suspenseful foreshadowing that something is about to happen.Burton uses this technique to show an element of foreshadowing and a feeling of discomfort.The tone of the music does not usually match the images we are seeing on the movie leaving us with a feeling of confusion and discomfort.This also help foreshadowing events that are about to happen when we listen to the words of the songs in Sweeney Todd they are all about his revenge matched to a happy tone foreshadowing that he is going to carry out his revenge plot to feel the happiness we can hear in the music in the background.This gives us the feeling of suspense and uncomfort .In sleepy hollow the music builds suspense because it is playing before the headless horseman takes his victims .Forshadowing is a technique commonly used in the gothic genre to create suspense, Burton has done this through the use of music in both films.

In both films Burton also uses the technique of colour, this is used to give us a informed vision of the setting and to establish tone and mood .Monochromatic tones are achieved by adding a darker color, grey or black.In both films the colour palette is usually grey or black or a washed out blue grey colour.Dark colours like grey or black are usually associated with death ,evil and mystery and have negative connottions.An example of this is when we see Todd returning to London on his boat, the entire scene is in different tones of grey and washed out blues.We can see the clouds in the sky causing shadows onto London below , all the buildings are colourless and do not  have define distinct feature.The only light we can see is the street lights which have a dull have a darker brown light than a typical street light would have.Through the use of these colours in Sweeney Todd Burton has portrayed London to us as a dark and alarming place.Burton is well acknowledged for creating a grim , dark and fearful setting.He brings the town of sleepy hollow to life in a cold and dead sort of way.We can clearly see this when we are shown a shot of the own, the entire scene is in different shades of greetings such as sheep which are supposed to be a bright white are washed out with grey shadows on them.The forest is in the background and is black with the trees behind the foreground being grey, the trees have no clear definition between apart from the different shades of grey.The sky is grey and the smoke from chimneys adds more grey to the scene.Through Burtons use of monochromatic tones he has established the tone and mood to viewers.He is showing us through the dark colours that this is a place where bad things are going to take place and create a element of fear and dread to the viewers, and over all setting a dark and scary mood and that the main characters have negative views of the settings.This dark and foreboding tone and mood is very typically linked with the gothic genre.

Tim Burton’s style of movie is always portrayed as dark and uncomfortable. a way burton portrays this is through is the use of lighting.He uses low key lighting and the technique of chiaroscuro.Low key lighting is when one light is put directly towards the subject or setting, this technique is commonly used in horror movies and gives us a sense of mystery.In Sweeney Todd we see this through the mise en scene in Sweeney Todds old home when mrs lovett shows him it now whilst handing him his old barber blades.The only light in this scene is the light streaming through the window which casts shadows from the few objects that are placed in the room.In sleepy hollow the scenes filmed inside the people of the towns homes and the forest were filmed in low key lighting.In the forest in sleepy hollow the light is being shown forwards from the back casting shadows of the trees towards us , from the shadows we get that this is a dark and gloomy setting.The use chiaroscuro is also a lighting technique burton has chosen to use ,chiaroscuro is  the artistic term for the contrast of light and dark , it isn’t often used in a bold manner so it has a dramatic effect on the scene and effect is created through the low key lighting.This is used in both of Tim Burton’s films through the monochromatic tones he uses from the lighting this makes us see a washed out setting and charcaters , the lighting only allowed us to see half the face usually.We see this in sleepy hollow in the forest.Everywhere is surrounded by trees letting a limited amount of light in casting shadows on his face making it less clear for us to see his face and emotions towards the first and this tree because we can’t see his full face.This technique makes us feel uncomfortable well we are watching it , like in most horror movies when it is dark and there are shadows we begin to sit on the edges of out seat waiting for something happen so we don’t get a shock when something does.I think this was burtons intentions when making the film to have us sitting there with a fear enhanced by what we don’t know.

Tim Burton is not one to shy away from giving his viewers a sense of discomfort well they watch his films.He is best known for his gothic, dark, eccentric style horror and fantasy films and sleepy hollow and Sweeney Todd are no exception to this.He uses the techniques of music , colour and lighting to successfully do this.The music is used as a foreshadowing tool for both films, colour was used to set the tone and mood and lighting is used to give us the fear of the unknown and give viewers a feeling of discomfort.All these techniques are used to build the gothic elements and elements of horror in the film.I find this combined with his own personal style of film keeps his audience intrigued to the end of the film because you feel so uncomfortable but you know something is going to happen so you keep watching to the end to find out.  

2.4 Writing portfolio – John Locke

“Education begins the gentleman, but reading, good company and reflection must finish him.” John Locke was an English philosopher whose ideas had an influence during the enlightenment period. Mary Shelley was an English novelist who is best known for her book Frankenstein. Locke’s theory was that the mind started off like a blank sheet of paper and that it would develop and learn through exposure to objects and beings. In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, this theory is evident through the development of the monster from after his creation.

John Locke’s theory of the human understanding essay was published in 1689 during the age of reason and the early age of enlightenment. A theory he came up with is that we are all born with minds that are a blank slate, he called this Tabula Rasa. Locke believed that everything we know and feel is derived from experience. The ideas we receive are from sensations in the outside world and internal reflections on the process of our own understanding. He believed we learn from experience and observation and that our mind is vulnerable to the ideas people put into them well we are young.

We are introduced to the monster in chapter 16 when he becomes the new narrator, he is talking about his new experiences that he is beginning to learn from. In the beginning, he is discussing his memories talking about the sensations he is beginning to feel in his newly created body, this can relate to Locke’s theory of Tabula rasa because he is beginning to feel new experiences and learning from them. He says  ” I began to distinguish my sensations from each other. I gradually saw plainly the clear stream that supplied me with drink and the trees that shaded me with their foliage. I was delighted when I first discovered that a pleasant sound, which saluted my ears”   In this passage, the monster has been staying in the woods for a while now and is starting to learn his feelings and thoughts. He says that he began to distinguish his senses from one another much like a child would when they are experiencing new things for the first time and distinguishing what he likes and dislikes. The monster also has a kind tone at the beginning of this chapter because this is a time of positive learning for him, he is experiencing new things and understanding how his mind and body work much like a newborn baby. Locke’s theory of Tabula Rasa is all about the mind being a blank slate and learning through external experiences, Shelley has illustrated Locke’s theory through the monster in this passage by portraying him like a young child experiencing new sensations for the first time and showing his thoughts as he is learning in the text.

“No man’s Knowledge here can go beyond his experience” Locke discusses how a man’s knowledge cannot go beyond his experience. In the novel Frankenstein  Victor referred to his creation as the monster because of the actions he took and his appearance,  the monster was never really a monster but the way humans treated him was the reason he chose to act violently towards them. The monster addresses this when he discusses how the humans have treated him because of his appearance “All men hate the wretched; how, then, must I be hated, who am miserable beyond all living thing” When the monster is saying that all men hate the wretched, he is referring to himself. The definition of wretched is an unfortunate state in which the monster was perceived as by the humans because of all his scars sewn together was nothing like the humans had ever seen before. The monster didn’t understand if the hate the humans showed towards him was needed and wished they didn’t judge him because it made him miserable, he even refers to himself as the most miserable beyond the living he is addressing the fact that really he was dead and shouldn’t be alive through the use of the word beyond. The monster also discusses how he was not a murderer when he was created but the actions of humans towards him is what formed him to become the monster he was always perceived as. He says ” I was benevolent; my soul glowed with love and humanity; but am I not alone, miserably alone? You, my creator, abhor me; what hope can I gather from your fellow creatures, who owe me nothing? They spurn and hate me.” In this quote, the monster addresses the fact that he was benevolent which means he acted kind and meant well, his soul glowed was a metaphor he used to explain that he had so much love and humanity it caused him to feel as if his soul was glowing. Love is a strong feeling of affection generally used and felt towards someone in a positive way in the case of the monster he is referring to the fact that when he was created he had nothing but love towards the humans and everything new he was experiencing. Humanity is the traits that determine the qualities of a person, for example, humans are meant to be kind and compassionate and if someone committed murder like the monster did it is perceived inhumane. The monster then addresses the fact that he is alone, loneliness is not a nice feeling when all you are searching for is companionship from people and can cause a person to spiral in this case the loneliness affected the monster to feel bad about himself and his appearance. Abhor is the word the monster used when he confronted Victor about his hate towards him and the fact that if the man who created him with good intentions and love towards his work could feel the way he did how could any other human feel good towards him. In Locke’s human understanding essay he talks about the mind being blank with no ideas or principles already inscribed in it, so for the case of the monster who was created a new person with a new mind and body, his mind would’ve been a blank slate with potential for either good or bad. All the monster had seen was hate and fear towards him, all he had known was rejection which led to jealousy because he saw everyone being kind to each other which made him  unhappy about himself and his life and to fulfil it he would take his revenge on Frankenstein and lived up to the label all the humans had given him, a monster.

Even though Mary Shelley and John Locke lived almost 200 years apart it is evident through the development of the monster that she had an understanding of his ideas. John Lockes theory Tabula rasa is that when one is born their mind is a blank slate and they learn through experiences and sensations. The monster began a kind ‘man’ appreciating the nature he was living in and starting to feel sensations, however as he begins to venture into society he is rejected by humankind which turns him into a hateful creature. It changes the monster from a kind loving creature to a monster, which he had been referred to as so many times. I think Shelley showed areas of Locke’s theory from his essay of human understanding of the monster throughout the novel but these show the contrast of how the monster had changed and developed as the novel continued.

Frankenstien Settings


“and in the majestic and wondrous scenes which surrounded our Swiss home—the sublime shapes of the mountains, the changes of the seasons, tempest and calm, the silence of winter, and the life and turbulence of our Alpine summers—she found ample scope for admiration and delight. While my companion contemplated with a serious and satis ed spirit the mag- ni cent appearances of things, I delighted in investigating their causes. e world was to me a secret which I desired to divine. Curiosity, earnest research to learn the hidden laws of nature, gladness akin to rapture, as they were unfolded to me, are among the earliest sensations I can remember.”

the words highlighted are a lot of contrasting descriptive words                                                              majestic, wonderous, sublime all indicate an “out of this world” beauty or attraction                                                             tempest and calm – juxtaposition

Geneva is where Victor grew up with his family which shaped into the man he became.                                                                                                       



Swiss Alps

“The weight upon my spirit was sensibly lightened as I plunged yet deeper in the ravine of Arve. e immense mountains and precipices that overhung me on every side, the sound of the river raging among the rocks, and the dashing of the waterfalls around spoke of a power mighty as Omnipotence—and I ceased to fear or to bend before any being less almighty than that which had created and ruled the elements, here displayed in their most terrific guise. Still, as I ascended higher, the valley assumed a more magnificent and astonishing character. Ruined castles hanging on the precipices of piny mountains, the impetuous Arve, and cottages every here and there peeping forth from among the trees formed a scene of singular beauty. But it was augmented and rendered sublime by the mighty Alps, whose white and shining pyramids and domes towered above all, as belonging to another earth, the habitations of another race of beings.”






  • man vs society – external
  • man vs self – internal
  • man vs nature – external
  • man vs man – external
  • man vs technology – external
  • man vs society – external
  • Internal is a conflict that occurs within  the mind of a single character or being
  • An external force is a conflict that occurs between 2 or more characters/beings

Man vs self, Internal conflict – Frankenstein

“often did my human nature turn with loathing from my occupation whilst still urged on by an eagerness which perpetually increased, I brought my work to a conclusion.” – Victor Frankenstein

“I was tempted to plunge into the silent lake, that the water might close over me and my calamities for ever. But I was restrained when I thought of the heroic and suffering Elizabeth whom I tenderly loved and whose existence was bound up in mine.” – Victor Frankenstein struggling with reasons to live and die. Hate vs Love

Man vs Man, external conflict – Frankenstein and the Monster

“I do not know that for the sympathy of one living being, I would make peace with all. I have love in me the likes of which you can scarcely imagine and rage the likes of which you would not believe. If I cannot satisfy the one, I will indulge the other ” – the monster – This quote is the monster threatening Frankenstein to create him another being like him so he is not lonely, he blames Frankenstein for the misery and loneliness he has

“from that moment I declared everlasting war against the species, and more than all, against him who had formed me and sent me forth to this insupportable misery.” The monster

Beware; for Iam fearless, and therefore powerful.”

Man vs Society






The Gothic Antagonist

In Frankenstein, the antagonist is the monster


  • controls victor through his weakness for his family. Until victor thinks about the greater good

Passion and Drive

  • Wants a companion / to be accepted by someone. Blackmails and murders people to get there
  • needs to learn how to speak/ interact with humans

Supernatural powers

  • superhuman speed and strength
  • able to withstand extreme conditions
  • massive physical appearance


  • Begins as an essentially good character
  • shown with his intentions with the family
  • after being turned away, attacked and feared he becomes vengeful.He develops a hatred for the human race

Wide reading assessment – The tell tale heart

“But why do you say I have lost control of my mind, why do you say that I am mad?Can you not see that I have full control of my mind?” The short story the Tell Tale Heart by Edgar Allan Poe in 1843 shows us the element of the gothic protagonist in a gothic fiction piece.The short story is about a murder that the narrator has committed, he constantly is assuring us of his actions meanwhile Poe is trying to convince us of the narrator’s madness throughout the story.

Poe uses foreshadowing as a technique through the narrator.Early on in the book we can tell something negative is going to happen when the narrator says “I heard sounds from heaven; I heard sounds from hell”This tells us there is a dark side to him and that the narrator may end up doing something with the repercussions of hell.When I think of hell I think of someone committing a sin so that when they die they end up in hell, in the story this gave me the idea he was listening to the sounds from hell and was going to act on them.Poe uses this technique as one way to identify the narrator as the gothic protagonist.The narrator also says”there was no reason for what I did”This straight away foreshadows to the reader that he takes action on those voices from hell that he listens to.It also foreshadows to us that he does something inhumane because generally when you do something you can justify as to why you did, however, the narrator could not and then once again tried to convince us he wasn’t a madman.As the reader when the narrator committed the murder I was not surprised at all because of the use of foreshadowing I could tell that something bad was going to happen and when the old man was murdered I related it back to the references Poe foreshadowed earlier in the story.

Allan Poe also uses contrasting qualities to portray the narrator as a gothic protagonist by saying “thoughtless and mindful” when someone is thoughtless they do not process or think of repercussions of their actions, in the story, the character referred to himself as a madman which can explain why he doesn’t think he just does another example of his thoughtlessness is.However, he is also described as mind full contradicting the fact that he is thoughtless until the moment in the story where he kills the man because he sees the eye but afterwards he hides his traces so well.As a reader, we can relate to doing thoughtless things and straight after regretting our actions and thinking of a way to cover up. The narrator also says in the book” he loved the old man” yet he still commits this murder and completely mutilates his body to cover it up.The definition of love is to feel a deep affection towards someone or something, As a reader when someone says they love someone we generally would not associate it with a brutal murder which very much contradicts to love.

Another way Poe paints the narrator as the gothic protagonist is through the air of mystery surrounding him, we have no idea who this narrator is, where he comes from or how he knows this old man.They also continue to plea the case that they are not a madman causing us to wonder why we would think of the narrator as a madman.From the term madman, I automatically assumed the narrator would be a male.The use of the personal pronoun also comes up a lot through the story which does not help us identify the narrator as a male or female, even though I had already made the assumption that the narrator was a male I am still left unsure due to the lack of history I know.The narrator looked after the old man and back in the time period that Poe wrote this storey woman looked after the men.It is believed by readers that this story is a related to slavery in the south as it was coming to the end around 1843  and Poe lived in the south.I think the story the Tell Tale heart uses the air of mystery to let the reader make their own assumptions about the narrator because of the lack of information we are given, throughout the entire story my mind was chopping and changing about what gender I thought the narrator was and why I thought they committed the murder because I didn’t believe that an eye was a justifiable reason for murder I believed there was a backstory to this.

Poe uses the narrator of The Tell Tale Heart as a gothic protagonist in the story by using foreshadowing, contrasting qualities and by creating an air of mystery around them.A gothic protagonist can have many qualities but in this story I feel like Poe is using the qualities he has chosen to give us a base story with a few hints of the narrators feelings so that we can fill in the blanks as a reader and interperit the narrator as we like and chose whether we believe he is a madman or not.Personally i did not overly enjoy the short story, i felt confused a lot and struggled to connect all my feelings and the information together.However it hepled me to understand the use of a gothic protaginist in gothic fiction more.



Frankenstein chapter 1 – 4


Robert Walton captained the ship – “a point on which the soul may fix its intellectual eye. This expedition has been the favourite dream of my early years.”

Sailed into the Arctic – “I am going to unexplored regions to ‘the land of mist and snow.”

Stuck on ice + saw gigantic figure on sled – “a being which had the shape of a man, but apparently of gigantic stature.”

Pick up ill old man – “you may conceive my astonishment on hearing such a question addressed to me from a man on the brink of destruction…”

Walton + Frankenstein develop friendship – “My affection for my guest increases every day. He excites at once my admiration and my pity to an astonishing degree.”


Dr Frankenstein is a child, Geneva is his home – “I am by birth a Genevese, and my family is one of the most distinguished of that republic”

We are told about his family – “… my father had filled several public situations with honour and reputation.” “Two years after this event Caroline  became his wife.”                                                                                       ” I, their eldest child, was born at Naples, and as an infant accompanied them in their rambles. I remained for several years their only child.”

Travels to Ingolstadt university – When I had attained the age of seventeen my parents resolved that I should become a student at the University of Ingolstadt.

Elizabeth (sister) gets ill, mother gets ill. Mother dies – “Elizabeth was saved, but the consequences of this imprudence were fatal to her preserver.”

Initially disappointed by university – “Have you,’ he said, ‘really spent your time in studying such nonsense?”

Chemistry teacher inspires Frankenstein, showing him that science isn’t all nonsense – “They ascend into the heavens; they have discovered how the blood circulates, and the nature of the air we breathe. They have acquired new and almost unlimited powers.”                                                                                                                                                “I am happy,’ said M. Waldman, ‘to have gained a disciple; and if your application equals your ability, I have no doubt of your success.”

Tells us he has a secret – “I see by your eagerness and the wonder and hope which your eyes express, my friend, that you expect to be informed of the secret with which I am acquainted.”


New language

Indefatigable                                                                                                                                                                       Me: I  think it means his effort                                                                                                                                     Google:(of a person or their efforts) persisting tirelessly.

syndics                                                                                                                                                                               Me: someone in charge of a syndicate.                                                                                                                   Google: a government official in various countries. (in the UK) a business agent of certain universities and corporations, especially a member of a Senate committee at Cambridge University.

wretchedness                                                                                                                                                                    Me: something bad or very disliked by an individual                                                                                                  Google:(of a person) in a very unhappy or unfortunate state.Of poor quality; very bad.Used to express anger or annoyance.

Tone and Mood 

Tone The narrator uses words like “forced” we relate the word forced to a bad situation and something needs to be done and  pressure is applied for something to be done, in this text it is as if Dr Frankenstein has pressure being put on him to carry out his research and carry it out in such an inhumane way.He also uses the word ‘horrors” a horror is something we connotate to be being scary and unnatural or an intense feeling of shock or fear which gives us a sense of how dr Frankenstein feels well carrying out his research.

Mood – The mood portrayed in this passage by the narrator was slight guilt.He wanted to become a god and wanted to save the humans from death.He saw the nothing as more than bodies with nothing inside he says “every object” when discussing the limbs and body parts this is him distancing himself from the fact he is cutting up actual people.By calling them objects it would’ve been him making himself feel better by calling them something irrelevant.

Foreshadowing- Foreshadowing is a warning or indication of a future event.

The age of enlightenment

Religion – In the